About the Book :
The BookThis text book aims at to provide an up to date, general and applied account of Entomology which is written in a simple and lucid language keeping in view the syllabi of Entomology in M.Sc. Zoology & M.Sc. (Ag.) of various Indian Universities. The book will also be useful to those who are preparing for competitive examinations conducted by various central & state Government agencies for recruitment. The book is equally useful to those dealing with pests and pest control. It is hoped the book will be useful not only to students but also to agriculturist, horticulturist, foresters, veterinary and clinical doctors and laymen dealing with pest control.
PART I – GENERAL ENTOMOLOGY1. The IntegumentCuticle; Composition of cuticle ; External processes of the integument; (i) Cellular out growths; (ii) Non-cellular out growths2. The Head and its AppendageOrientation of the head; (i) Sclerites and sutures; Antennae - Types of antennae; Mouth parts - Types of mouth parts3. The Thorax and its AppendagesThoracic segments; Wings; Origin; Structure; Articulation; Margins; Angles etc.; Venation, hypothetical wing venation; Kinds of wings and cells; Modification of veins; Legs - Types of legs4. The Abdomen and its AppendagesMale genitalia; Female genitalia5. The Digestive System The alimentary canal ; Stomodaeum; Mesenteron; Proctodaeum; Cephalic glands; Functions of saliva6. NutritionNutritional requirements; Micro-organisms as a source of accessory substances7. Digestion and AbsorptionDigestive enzymes; pH Enzyme relationship; Temperature; Activators and inhibitors; Absorption8. The Circulatory SystemComponents of the circulatory system; Composition of blood; Functions, and Circulation of blood; Beat and control of heart beat9. The Excretory SystemMalpighian tubules ; Stimules to urine formation ; Function of malpighian tubules; Composition of urine; Labial glands; Nephrocytes; Urate cells; Excretion by gut10. The Respiratory SystemDevelopment, structure and modifications of tracheae ; General plan of tracheation; Types of respiratory systems; Types of spiracles; Mechanism of opening and closing of spiracles; Physiology of respiration; Respiratory adaption in aquatic insects ; Resplratry adaptions in parasitic forms.11. The Nervous SystemNerve cells; Central nervous system; Sympathetic nervous system; Stomodaeal nervous system; Ventral sympathetic nervous system; Caudal and peripheral nervous system ; Modifications of the nervous system; Transmission of nerve impulses12. The Sense OrgansTrichoid sensilla; Campani form sensilla; Chordotonal organs; Basiconic sensilla ; Coeloconic sensilla; Placodea13. The Sound Producing OrgansFriction between part of the body and any external object ; Friction caused between two parts of the insect body; By wing vibration; By the vibration of special structures of the body; Sound of miscellaneous and unknown origin14. The Photo Receptor and Photogenic OrgansPhoto receiptor organs; Ocelli; Compound eyes; Structure of ommatidium; Types of compound eyes; Formation of image ; Photogenic or Biolumeniescent organs.15. The Endocrine OrgansThe neurosecretory cells; Synthesis of neurosecretory material; Transport of neurosecretory material; Neurohaemal organs; The corpora cardiaca; The cephalic aorta ; Corpora allata; Ecdysial glands; Release of hormones.16. Some Hormonally Regulated PhenomenaHormonal control of metamorphosis; heart beat; diapause; reproduction; metabolism; pigmentation of euticle; green/brown polymorphism in Locustsand grasshoppess.17. The Pheromones18. The Reproductive OrgansThe female reproductive organs; The ovaries; Structure of ovariole; Types of egg tubes; Genital ducts and accessory structures; The male reproductive organs; Testes; Genital ducts and accessory structures; Mating, sperm transfer and fertilization; Special modes of reproduction19. The DevelopmentStructure of egg; Cleavage & blastoderm formation; Germ band formation; Embryonic coverings & blastokinesis; Formation of germ layers; Segmentation embryo; Organogenesis; Eclosion.20. The MetamorphosisTypes of metamorphosis; Types of larvae; Types of pupae PART II – APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY 21. Chemical ControlFormulation of insecticides - Dusts, granule formulations, insecticides fertilizer mixture, wettable powders, solutions, emulsifiable concentrates, insecticidal aerosoles, fumigants, miscellaneous formulations; Classification of insecticides; Inorganic insecticides; Organic insecticides; Insecticides of plant origin; Organic oils - (Summer oil, Dormant oils, Superior spray oils, Emulsifiable oils, Tank mix oils); Synthetic insecticides; Chlorinated hydrocarbons; Organophosphorus ; compounds; Systemic insecticides; Fumigants; Antifeedants; Attractants; Repellants; recautionary measures22. Insecticidal Application Equipments23. Cultural Control24. Physical and Mechanical Control25. Biological Control26. Insect Hormones as Pesticedes27. Plant Quarantine and Legal Control28. Integrated Control BIOLOGY AND CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS 29. Pests of stored GrainsSitophilus oryzae; Rizopertha dominica; Trogoderma granarium; Tribolium castaneum; Callosobruchus chinensis; Citotroga cerealella; Corcyra cephalonica; Methods of control of stored grain pests30. Pests of Cotton and Fibre CropsDysdercus koenigii; Earias fabia; Pectenophora gossypiella; Spodoptera exigua ; Utetheisa pulchella; Holotrichia consaguinea; Oxycaraneus laetus31. Pests of SugarcanePyrilla perpusilla; Aleurolobus barodensis; Scirpophaga nivella; Emmalocera depressile32. Pests of Oil SeedsAchaea janata; Aphids; Athalia sp.; Bagrada cruciferarum33. Pests of pulsesAgrotis ypsilon; Heliothes armigera; Prodenia litura34. Pests of sorghumAtherigona varia; Calocoris angustatus35. Pests of Crops yielding cereal productsChilo zonallus; Leptocorisa varicornis; Hieroglyphus banian; Sesamia inferns; Mythemna separata; Hispa armigera36. Polyphagous PestsTermites; Schistocerca gregaria; Amsacta37. Household InsectsPeriplaneta americana; Blatta orientalis; Supella supellectilium; Blatella germanica; Musca domestica; Cimex lectularius; Pediculus humanus; Tineola; Mosquitoes; Lepisma saccharina; Gryllodes sigillatus; Black ants38. Pests of Fruits and VegetablesAulacophora foveicollis; Idiocerus atkinsoni; Dacus; Ophideres; Plusia orichalcea; Papilio demoleus; Epilachna beetles; Leucinodes orbonalis.39. Beneficial InsectsHoney bees; Honey as food; Honey as tonic; Honey as medicine; Bees wax; Uses of wax; Bees; The lac - Uses of lac; The silk and Silkworms40. Pests of Veterinary ImportanceHypoderma; Xyanopsilla; Stomaxys; Tabanus; Cattle lice; Hippobosca41. Pests of ForestryHoplocerumbyx spinicornis; Xylotrechus buquete; Batocera horsfieldi; Batocera rufimaculata; Dinoderus; Sinoxylon; Lyctus africanus; Cryptorhynchus; Rhynchophorus ferrugineus; Oryctes rhinoceros; Control measeersPART III - ECOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR42. Light43. Humidity44. Temperature45. Tropisms In Insects46. Ecological Aspects of Diapause47. Language of Bees & Their BehaviourAppendix - Principal Orders of InsectsSelected BibliographyIndex